Fatima Ayub is a policy analyst in the Middle East and North Africa Programme at the European Council on Foreign Relations. She is the editor of "What does the Gulf think?", a new series of publications from ECFR's MENA programme. From 2009 to 2012 Fatima was an advocate at the Open Society Foundations in London and Brussels, where her work and analysis focused on rights protection and political transformation in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia. Previously, she worked in Afghanistan between 2006 and 2009 for the International Center for Transitional Justice, examining the legacy of impunity in fragile states, security sector fragmentation and electoral reform. She was a researcher on international humanitarian law at Amnesty International in London in 2006, and prior to that worked for Human Rights Watch's Asia advocacy program in Washington DC from 2004-2005.