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Charter of Fundamental Rights

The Charter of Fundamental rights sets out the rights of Union citizens. It covers issues such as the respect for human dignity, the right not to be discriminated against and the idea that all EU citizens are equal. It was formally approved by Union leaders at their fractious summit in Nice in December 2000, but the UK insisted it should not have legal weight. However, most countries disagreed and under the Lisbon Treaty it became legally binding on member states (though only when they are implementing EU laws). The UK, however, secured an opt-out.